Once you’re eligible to retire, you can select any date as your retirement date. But selecting the right retirement date can ensure you have maximized your pension allowance and avoided a few pitfalls that can occur. Consider these 5 things when choosing your retirement date.
1. Know Your Age Factor Percentage Dates
If you haven’t yet reached the maximum age factor percentage for your tier, you’ll want to make sure you’re not choosing a day that’s right before one of the quarter year dates based on your birthday. Those days are simply your birth date 3, 6, and 9 months later. For example:
1/4 year date
1/2 year date
3/4 year date
So in this example, you wouldn’t want to retire on July 14 because you would miss the age factor percentage increase you would get by working on July 15 and retiring on July 16 or later. Each one of these quarter days you pass and don’t retire, your pension allowance increases by about 1% just from the age factor alone. But don’t worry too much about these days; if you’re retiring midway between these days, it’s not a big deal—we just don’t want you to miss out on the 1% increase if you’re retiring near the day.
2. Think About the Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) Date of April 1
No matter when you retire during the year, when April 1 comes you will get a cost-of-living adjustment (COLA), which is an annual increase to your retirement allowance. If you’re planning to retire in the springtime, you must retire on or before April 1 to be eligible to receive the annual cost of living increase for that year. If you retire after April 1, you’ll have to wait until next April 1 to get next year’s COLA increase.
Timing Your Springtime Retirement Date to Get the COLA
If you’re planning to work right up to the COLA date, your last day in active pay status should be a day you normally work on or before March 31 (it’s okay to be on leave on this day). Your retirement day should be the next day, on or before April 1. Otherwise, you simply need to choose a retirement before April 1 to get the cost of living increase on April 1.
3. What to Do If There Is a Dilemma Between the COLA and Age Factor Percentage Increase
If you plan to retire in the spring, sometimes there’s a dilemma if your birthday or quarter year date comes right after the April 1 COLA increase. If you choose your retirement date to get one, you’ll miss the other.
To solve this dilemma, check our COLA page starting in early February for the COLA amount for that year. If the COLA for new retirees will be 1.5% or higher, then the COLA increase will be better than the age factor percentage increase (approx. 1%), so retire on or before April 1.
If you’re not retiring in the spring, or there’s no dilemma with the dates, don’t worry about this.
4. Retire on the Day After Your Employment Separation Date (Last Day of Work or Active Pay Status)
If you’re retiring from active work (rather than deferred status), your Retirement Date should be the day after your last day of work or leave that’s a normal work day for you. Your last day of work should also not be a holiday. This last day of work is known as your Employment Separation Date.
Employment Separation Date
(Last Day on Payroll in Active Status)
Should be a day you’re scheduled to work or be on leave
Should not be a holiday
Should be the next day
This means that you go straight from active ACERA membership into retired ACERA membership, and you avoid spending even one day in deferred ACERA membership, which would cause you to lose all your sick leave so it would not convert to service credit.
If you put in any work or leave hours on a day, you can’t retire that day; you would have to have your first day of retirement be the next day.
How to Enter Employment Separation Date and Retirement Date on Your Retirement Application